Mission Agencies 2050

In this post, I will attempt to make some predictions about the state of British based mission agencies in the year 2050. This is a follow up to my posts on the UK Church and the World Church in the year 2050.

This graph of trends over the few decades of the twentieth century is a useful starting place.

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The blue line shows the average attendance at Church of England churches for the period 1970-2001 (figures from here), which we can assume to be more or less representative of church attendance as a whole, in the absence of other data. The red line is the number of mission agencies in the UK during the same time period (this only covers agencies which are members of Global Connections and so is an underestimate, if anything).

One might wish to argue with the exact figures, but the trends are clear; as church attendance declines, the number of mission agencies in the UK increases. There are more and more agencies seeking support from a shrinking constituency. This is not sustainable even in the short to mid-term, much less by 2050.

In addition, the trends that were addressed in the earlier two posts in this blog series, namely the shift in the centre of gravity from historic Christendom to the rest of the world, raise questions about role of agencies themselves. It is no wonder that David Smith has written:

“What is clear by now is that both the concept of mission as a one-way movement from Christendom to the un-evangelised world, and the structures devised at the close of the eighteenth century to facilitate that movement, have been overtaken by a historical developments that render them increasingly irrelevant and redundant.” (Mission After Christendom p.116)

It isn’t rocket science to suggest that the number of mission agencies based in the UK will decline precipitously over the next 35 years. I suggest that there are three types of agency which will survive.

  • International agencies who have a significant proportion of their leadership and structure based outside of the UK. Agencies like this will continue to exist, but they may have a very reduced presence in the UK.
  • Small agencies who basically exist to support the ministry of one person or a couple. These sorts of agencies, rooted in a church or a group of friends, will continue to spring up in the future.
  • Large relief and development agencies; however, I suspect that the pressures on them will be such that they will lose their Evangelical distinctives and will increasingly resemble Oxfam, Save the Children or other aid agencies.

In a comment on an earlier post, I was asked what we could do to avoid the decline in the church that I predicted. I don’t have an answer, so I didn’t give one. However, I do think that there are steps that the leadership of agencies need to take to adapt to the future.

  • We need to address the issue of fragmentation. There are far too many agencies all doing similar things and all competing for resources from the same group of people. We need visionary leaders (at board level) who will reduce the number of agencies either through merger or closure.
  • Agencies need to look to supporting and encouraging Christians in other parts of the world, rather than just sending missionaries from the UK. This will entail a major programme to re-educate the British mission supporting public on the new realities of the Christian world.
  • Above everything else, mission leadership and boards need to take serious stock of their situation and the future trends. We cannot assume that the status quo will continue, much less can we live in the glory days of the past. Even those agencies which are doing well at the current time will face resourcing problems in the next 10-15 years.

I may sound pessimistic, but I believe that we cannot avoid a crisis among British mission agencies, however, with good leadership and planning we can avoid a hard landing.

This post is more than a year old. It is quite possible that any links to other websites, pictures or media content will no longer be valid. Things change on the web and it is impossible for us to keep up to date with everything.

4 thoughts on “Mission Agencies 2050

  1. I can remember this conversation going on in Global Connections back in the early noughties, then again at the start of this decade as we faced the financial crash – and yet so few agencies have closed or merged during this period. I suspect what you say will happen, but as very few agencies have actually addressed the issue proactively in two decades (depsite repeated warnings and discussion), it will come at a crisis point rather than a managed process

  2. I suspect that every mission director is already grappling with the realities you point out, Eddie. Thanks for the encouragement to share/pool resources as best we can, something certainly in the forefront of our thinking in conversation with other like-minded mission agencies for future partnerships.

    However, to my mind, we need UK answers for mission organisations that better serve local churches and networks with an internationally-connected vision. It’s good to point out that the old ‘west-to-the-rest’ model is redundant. This is old news, though, we need to engage with the ‘new’ realities facing Christ’s mission from multi-cultural Britain. Serving in Mission is already working on a multi-directional approach with others.

    1. Hi Steve, thanks for your comment – good to see you here. I agree with some of what you say, but not all of it. I must admit that I am far from convinced that every mission director is grappling with these issues; some are, but many others are just too busy with day to day stuff and others don’t even have issues like this on the radar. In addition, very few boards, which is where the energy for the sort of major change that we need has to come from, are looking at this sort of thing.

      Where I do agree is that multi-cultural, multi-dimensional agencies have to be a significant part of the future. Whether the historic mission agencies can make the transition to a radical new future is something that only the future will reveal.

      A couple of years ago, I blogged on a related theme; this post adds something to the debate and also has a link to an excellent post (not by me) which looks at some of the challenges faced by agencies.

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